NORWALK – People claim the news media has a liberal bias, but veteran newsman Joe Strupp disagrees, he said Saturday at Norwalk Library.
Journalism, like every business, has some bad performers, Strupp told an audience of about 40 people. But the real problem, he said, is less money for news and fewer reporters, a result of the internet siphoning off advertising revenue from traditional news outlets.
(A video of Strupp’s presentation appears below.)
Strupp, a former senior editor at Editor & Publisher magazine, visited Norwalk to promote his book, Killing Journalism: How Greed, Laziness (and Donald Trump) Are Destroying News and How We Can Save It, published by Willow Street Press.
Classified ad income, formerly “king” for newspapers, has been lost to Craigslist and similar sites. From 2005 to 2017, there was a loss of more than 14,000 reporter jobs nationwide, Strupp said.
Readers don’t want to pay for news they’ve grown accustomed to receiving for free from the web.
“So what were they getting free on the web?,” Strupp asked. “Poorly-resourced stories, rumor in some cases, very biased left-wing and right-wing. Not real, traditional, fact-finding, well-trained journalists. And that’s when you start to get these web sites that have fear-based reporting.”
The current fear of vaccinations and the resultant reemergence of measles can be tied to such web sites, he said.
News outlets on the internet have “equal footing,” meaning sites such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal and CNN.com are equally accessible as outlets spreading “lies,” such as WND or The Daily Caller.
“[P]eople look at something on the web, they think it’s as accurate and credible as anything else on the web, and there’s very little control,” he said.
After nationwide cutbacks, readers don’t get enough local news, or the coverage they deserve on issues such as the environment, health care and the reliability of the nation’s power grid.
Strupp said a president of the Environmental Association of America told him people don’t like to write about the environment because it gets complicated and the material involves dry information, statistics and chemicals “that kind of glaze people’s eyes over.”
“At this time, when people are in such a rush, right, people jump on their phones, get quick headlines, follow Twitter, they don’t want to sit still for something that’s complicated,” Strupp said.
Consolidation of media outlets has also presented a challenge to quality journalism.
In 1981, he said, 50 companies owned ninety percent of media outlets. A 2012 report from Business Insider found that six companies now own 90 percent of media outlets.
Many newspapers were once owned by families who would only want an eight to 10 percent profit margin. “Now they’re bought up by corporations, leveraged in many cases to owe lots of money. They want 20, 25 percent and 30 percent profit margins, right? It’s terrible.”
After graduating Brooklyn College with a degree in journalism, Strupp reported for newspapers in New Jersey and California before becoming a senior editor at Editor & Publisher, a trade journal that covered the newspaper industry. He currently works as a freelance writer and teaches writing and media ethics as an adjunct professor at Fairleigh Dickinson and Rutgers universities.
Strupp described himself politically as “mostly a moderate” and said he doesn’t talk about President Donald Trump’s politics, but about his opposition to the press.
“When he calls us the ‘enemy of the people,’ when he says everything’s ‘fake news,’ he knows it’s not, he knows it’s true,” Strupp said. “He just doesn’t want them reporting it.”
The longtime journalist noted that initially during Trump’s 2016 campaign, the candidate benefited from unedited live coverage of his rallies. But Trump slowly turned against the press, telling audiences not to believe the people behind the cameras.
Distrust of the press has grown such that today studies show journalists are held in very low opinion, “somewhere below corrupt lawyers and murderers and rapists,” Strupp said.
He criticized broadcast media, particularly cable news networks, for focusing so much coverage on a limited range of issues, such as Trump, natural disasters, and school shootings, and for scheduling so many programs intended to present people’s opinions rather than offer straight news reporting.
“They have newscasts, but there’s always a twinge of opinion, a twinge of talking head, and at night, it’s one talking-head show after another,” Strupp said. In addition, many insignificant events are touted as “breaking news.”
A bright spot in quality news coverage is the founding of non-profit outlets, Strupp said.
Nonprofit news is “a basis to doing it right,” he said, adding that if it were up to him, every news outlet would be nonprofit. He praised the Insititue for Nonprofit News (INN), which counts NancyOnNorwalk as a member.
Strupp advised readers to be diligent consumers of news. “You have to find your news outlets, whether it’s a website, newspaper, magazine, blog that has a track record and can be trusted, and that takes some work, and not rely on just things you see.”