Oak Hills ‘Friends’ have sights set on Norwalk Council’s statements in continuing fight

Bill Krummel
Former Common Councilman Bill Krummel addresses the council last week in City Hall.

NORWALK, Conn. – The battle may have been lost, but the Friends of Oak Hills Park insist that the war to keep a driving range from being built on city-owned property is not over.

“I plan to continue to fight the so-called Master Plan and my understanding is that others who have been involved with the Friends of Oak Hills will continue to fight it as well.  All of us, I believe, are appalled by the OHPA’s lack of transparency and disdain for public opinion,” Paul Cantor said.

Jim Downing of Total Driving Range Solutions leads a tour of Oak Hills Park in March, showing off changes included in the OHPA master plan.
Jim Downing of Total Driving Range Solutions leads a tour of Oak Hills Park in March, showing off changes included in the OHPA Master Plan.

The Common Council voted 8-5 last week to approve the Master Plan, in spite of an seemingly organized effort put forth by the “Friends.”

Looking back

Comments made to the Council in an effort to discredit the plan included a detailed history review from Third Taxing District Commissioner Deb Goldstein.

“I appeal to you to make sure you understand that Master Plan you are being asked to approve should not be considered at all, given the number of legal and contractual obligations that have fallen by the wayside,” Goldstein said, going on to provide a list:

• “In 1966, the City of Norwalk received a federal grant for a little over $131,000 to partially fund the purchase of the land that became Oak Hills Park and we agreed that the land is to be held and used for permanent open-space land for recreation and park area.

• “In 1967, the City stitched together seven parcels of land acquired for that purpose into Oak Hills Park. In the dedication agreement, Norwalk asserts its intent to use the land for recreational and conservation purposes as defined by the CGS, that it received a state grant-in-aid for the acquisition of the land for conservation, recreational and open space purposes and that it agrees with the state not to convert the land for any other purpose without approval of the state. Said covenants are to run with the land in favor of the State of Connecticut. It should be noted that the CGS specifically cites a driving range as an accepted open space use but a restaurant is not.

• “Fast-Forward to 1996, when the city conducted a comprehensive process to develop a Master Plan of Parks Rec and Open Space across three Common Council terms. Mr. Bonenfant and Mr. Hempstead may remember the plan, they were thanked in its pages. For Oak Hills Park, with at that time an 82 percent favorable approval rating, the plan spoke of a need for a clubhouse/restaurant and a driving range.  Total projected budget for those improvements? $385,000.

“In 1997, with the city already carrying the debt service of $2.5 million in bonds to help finance the purchase of the park land and build a golf course, the city created a municipal authority to enable Oak Hills Park to be run apart from the city’s general budgeting process. The charter cites the CGS on open space and the mandate of the OHPA to run the golf course, a restaurant and a driving range. It also states the authority shall seek to maximize the recreation and park use of Oak Hills Park.

• “In 1997, the city secured an additional $2.5 million in bonds for improving the course, and financing the restaurant and a driving range, which are the defined uses for those funds. The city and the newly formed OHPA sign a lease placing the park in the custodianship of the authority. This lease does not in any way release OHPA from the permanent post-grant restrictions relating to those federal and state grants, and does not change the mandate of a municipally managed golf course under CGS. It does, however, state that the Authority’s rental obligations throughout the period of Bond Issue shall include the repayment of all costs of the 1997 bonds, as well as all future bonds. The lease provides for, among other things, a reserve fund, a capital accounts fund, six year’s grace before paying rent, an independent audit of its operating funds. It states that OHPA shall have an obligation to raise all other funding necessary to cover expenses for all other capital improvements for the Park. It is clear from these kinds of references throughout the lease that the city intended this $2.5 million back in ’97 to get OHPA up and running with no future assistance from the city.

The lease states that any other improvements can only be carried out with the express written consent of the City, that such plans and specifications shall be prepared by and at the expense of the Authority in detail satisfactory to the city. I read this to mean that you have the ability to obligate OHPA to follow your city park master plan process, to insist upon things like traffic studies, and to decline further encroachments on the remaining uses as a park. The lease also states that OHPA agrees that it shall throughout the term of this lease, at its sole cost and expense and without any expense to the city maintain the park and its improvements. It shall comply with and abide by all federal, state, municipal and other governmental statutes, ordinances etc., etc.

• “In ’99, in response to a legal action taken by members of the public, the state DEEP and the Attorney General issued an opinion that the restaurant would not be a conforming use in an open space funded park and outlined steps that the city was supposed to take to cure the loss of open space if the restaurant was constructed. It got built anyway.

• “Last year, soil remediation was found to be required. OHPA wants the city to pay for it, claiming that it may have existed as much as 17 years ago when it took over the lease. It is currently a violation of the lease because it remains uncured. It should be noted that had OHPA complied with their original time line for improvements in the park, it would likely would have outed this problem then, if it had existed then.

• “This year, OHPA released a master plan that has no traffic study, no soils report, no environmental impact study, no water usage analysis and it doesn’t certify that endangered species will not be harmed by the project,” Goldstein said. “It makes no mention of the continuing violation of the federal and state grants regarding the restaurant and it did not make a detailed study of outdoor activities other than golf. To the extent that the Master Plan only refers to golf. It made no note of outdoor activities, things like haunted hay rides, lighted lantern sculpture displays, zip-lines, ice skating and so on, and things that the community is actually asking for, like basketball. Most galling of all, contrary to the fact that the authority has already used up the $2.5 million designated for the driving range and the restaurant, that they were meant to be self-funding all of their own capital improvements going forward. OHPA now wants up to $4 million more. This is on the heels of the promise that the developer would fund the construction of the driving range.”

“Without taking a position on the relative merits of the driving range itself, which others have done, I urge you, as the elected members of our government that you decline to approve this Master Plan, and use the legal tools at your disposal to ensure that they stop exceeding its mandate and come back with a proposal that is responsible, affordable, manageable and legally compliant,” Goldstein said.

1997-OHPA Lease Original 122297-1

2012-OHPA Lease Renewal (09.17.2012)

Other comments

Regina Krummel offered her own history lesson, from when her children were young.

“I remember very clearly that I would take them to Oak Hills Park, and it was a park,” Krummel said. “Now we are seeing this turning it into a commercial driving range that will just be useful for the surrounding communities. We already have enough in Norwalk for the surrounding communities of a commercial nature. Our place is loaded with them. We should prevent ourselves from becoming a dumping ground and remember the ice skating rinks and the walks that the children used to be able to take.”

Bill Krummel was one of several Friends who criticized the plan’s financial analysis.

“What is going to be the revenue? How many people are going to use it? What are the costs going to be? How is it to be financed? Not just a vague statement but a detailed analysis of how this is to be done,” Krummel said.

Oak Hills Park Authority member Elsa Peterson. (File photo.)
Oak Hills Park Authority member Elsa Peterson. (File photo.)

The criticisms of the Master Plan also came from OHPA member Elsa Peterson, who said the definition of the woodlands to be protected as permanent open space that is written into the Master Plan is not clear or consistent. On page 41 it said, “on the wooded area that in the past was proposed as a driving range,” on page 15 it’s “located on vacant wooded land behind the 18th hole,” and on page 22, it says “lands to the east of the 18th fairway,” she said.

Mary Therese “Missy” Conrad echoed that.

“When there is something referred to it must be consistently referred to. It can’t be sometimes the woods, sometimes the open space,” Conrad said. “… I think that this land here, at the Oak Hills, the woods, has to be delineated, has to be consistently referred to. They don’t even know how much actual area it is. It has to be put in forever open space so that somebody doesn’t kind of say ‘well, we’re going to give some other open space,’ which is the switch. So it’s up to you all right now. You know, things get chipped away. But right now you’re here you can do it, your little piece for nature.”

Paul Cantor expresses his opinion to the Oak Hills Park Authority in May. (File photo.)
Paul Cantor expresses his opinion to the Oak Hills Park Authority in May. (File photo.)

Then there was Cantor.

“Have any of you taken a hard, critical look at the OHPA’s so-called Master Plan? If you have, you will see there is a diagram of every single hole on the course but not a single diagram of the walking trails or nature center they claim they are going to spend $50,000 to construct,” Cantor said. “Clearly, those who drafted it had next to no interest in a nature center or in preserving the wooded area behind the restaurant, an area incidentally where the OHPA first intended to locate the driving range.”

Council members answered some of those comments.

Phaedrel “Faye” Bowman (D-District B) asked OHPA Chairman Clyde Mount about protecting the woodlands.

“We’ve actually talked about the protection of the land, and we’re willing to have an amended lease with the city, and that the city can put a no-build zone on that piece of land and it would be done; at least as long as Oak Hills is there,” Mount said. “We can’t protect land that’s not ours. We lease the land. The city has to protect it.”

Council President Doug Hempstead (R-At Large) asked Corporation Counsel Mario Coppola if the city could do that.

“I can’t tell you in a vacuum that the city could unilaterally place deed restrictions upon a property, unless I know whether or not it could potentially violate a provision of the lease agreement,” Coppola said. “A tenant who has essentially a lease hold interest in the property, a property right by virtue of that lease, so I can’t tell you whether certain restrictions would or would not violate the lease. I’d need to know what the proposed restriction would be, and then we would need to review the lease to determine whether or not it violates a provision of the lease, or a right that Oak Hills maintains by virtue of the lease. In concept you might be able to do it, I just – without knowing all the facts and being able to review the lease, I can’t give you an answer on the spot.”

“I don’t have any major, any minor issues with this plan. I’m certainly going to vote in favor of moving this along knowing it’s a guideline. Knowing that it’s got to go through Planning and Zoning, when it comes back for certain issues,” Hempstead went on to say.

Finance Committee Chairman Bruce Kimmel (D-At Large) said the committee will discuss the Master Plan’s economic analysis in November.

“It’s rather detailed,” Kimmel said. “There are some interesting assumptions, which I think we’ll discuss in November at the Finance Committee. So the idea, or the notion that there is no economic analysis behind the proposals is wrong. It’s quite extensive and I was impressed by it, although I do have some questions about the assumptions that are contained in it, which we will discuss. The numbers flow from those assumptions.”

Cantor was dismissive of all of that when contacted by NoN on Saturday.

“Most appalling, perhaps, is the willingness of members of the Council to approve the plan without seeming to have vetted it or perhaps even to have read it carefully,” Cantor wrote. “Bruce Kimmel says he was impressed by the 16 pages of economic analysis he found in the plan.  He must have read a different document than the one I am aware of and that is posted on the OHPA’s website.  If you would parse each Common Council member’s comments I think you would find equally many if not all of them equally egregious.  My hope is that collectively we may help you do just that.  It is certainly remarkable that coming immediately after the fight to prevent the mosque from being constructed on Fillow Street primarily because of the traffic it would generate not a single Council member raised a question about the effect the driving range would have on traffic.”

Council members voting for the plan were Jerry Petrini (R-District D), Doug Hempstead (R-At Large), Shannon O’Toole Giandurco (R-District D), Rich Bonenfant (R-At Large), Glenn Iannacone (R-At Large), John Kydes (D-District C), Bruce Kimmel (D-At Large) and Maggio. Voting no were Eloisa Melendez (D-District A), Travis Simms (D-District B), Sharon Stewart (D-At Large), David Watts (D-District A) and Phaedrel “Faye” Bowman (D-District B). John Igneri (D-District E) and David McCarthy (R-District E) were absent.


12 responses to “Oak Hills ‘Friends’ have sights set on Norwalk Council’s statements in continuing fight”

  1. EveT

    It is puzzling that Hempstead said “it’s got to go through Planning and Zoning, when it comes back for certain issues.” Didn’t the plan already get approved by the Zoning Commission and the Planning Commission? What are the “certain issues” that would require it to go back through these approvals?

    1. Mark Chapman


      The plan ws approved, as a concept, but t driving range will have to go through the process when OHPA deecides it is ready to move forward.

  2. Suzanne

    What is equally flabbergasting besides all of the data asking for a review and vetting of this “Master Plan” is the fact that this council voted along party lines as though this is a partisan issue. What???? Just like sheep, they follow each other over the cliff leaving Norwalk citizens in their wake.

  3. Clyde Mount OHPA Member

    As a point of reference, and everyone should know that these so called friends worked the hardest the state has ever seen to STOP the 1.5 million dollars from coming to the Oak Hills Park, the City of Norwalk, most importantly the taxpayers of Norwalk.

    I don’t think I have ever seen facts bent so far to tell a story by this group. Paul Cantor and his 11 should not speak for the 85,000+ people of this great city. Friends? Hard to see that from the fact these 11 fought hard to have the funding stopped in hopes the park fails. (my perspective anyhow) Why would someone interested in the well being of the park ever ask for the grant to be reversed? What is their real motive? It is not to help or be a friend…I am just not sure what it is.

    Based on the many comments on this issue, I am not sure how much of the plan has actually been read by those commenting.

    And again, the only real suggestion has been to permanently protect the area behind the restaurant, and we agreed we would work to do that in our next lease.

    I know the plan is a good one. How it gets paid for will be figured out of the next few years. We are looking at alternatives already to get it done. In the end it is not about the money for Cantor’s 11, it is all about the fight against the range…call it what it is. Trying to hid behind anything else is wrong.

  4. Bruce Kimmel

    For the record:

    The master plan, which is on the Oak Hills website, does indeed have a detailed economic analysis — please see pages 59 to 74. Now, the question is: Who really read the plan? Certainly not the speakers at the Council meeting who announced that there was no economic analysis in the master plan.

    Also, in the week before the meeting, I received a couple dozen emails per day supporting the plan, and only two emails opposing it. Also, the plan is an outline, a set of guidelines, whatever; what is funded and what isn’t funded will be determined in the years to come.

  5. piberman

    Mr. Kimmel avoids the question. Did he and other Council members read the consultant reports and if so do they agree with the economic and financial projections ? Secondly, was Finance Department Head Hamilton asked to the report and give an opinion ? Third, were any outside consultants (not paid by Oak Hills) asked to read and review the Oak Hills financial and economic projections ? The real issue here is not whether Oak Hills produced a report but whether it was subject to careful review and scrutiny by disinterested professionals. The Council’s reluctance to carefully review City financials isn’t comforting here. Perhaps the Council could hold a hearing inviting disinterested professionals to review at length the Oak Hills Consultan reports. That would also afford the Council the opportunity to demonstrate to the public that they understand the reports.

  6. Bruce Kimmel

    It has been all over the news that in November the Finance Committee of the Common Council will begin reviewing the financial section of the plan. Also, Bob Barron, the city’s budget director, has been monitoring the Authority and has been reporting to the Board of Estimate. Mr. Barron, I am sure, will present his recommendations, along with Mr. Hamilton, at the above-mentioned committee meeting. Anyone who reads the plan will notice that the Authority had input from a variety of sources in developing the plan.

  7. TomReynolds

    Thank you Mr. Kimmel for helping to put an end to the craziness going on here. Between your comment and Mr. Mounts, above, the “Cantor 11” have stopped commenting. Perhaps they could all use an Economics 101 refesher.

  8. Kevin Di Mauro


    I don’t play golf. Do you have a clue ?

  9. DeeeeMoooo

    This isn’t the first time, and won’t be the last, that a small group has adopted the “Friends of…” moniker to push a narrow agenda that doesn’t jibe with the majority.

    Anybody with any common sense recognizes that the Cantor 11 won’t be satisfied – and will always have one more point to make – until the golf course is closed. Their protests to the contrary (“I don’t hate golf; I play golf/I know people who play golf”) are becoming pretty pathetic.

  10. Suzanne

    It is really remarkable that the Common Council, after Deb Goldstein’s detailed report on the development of Oak Hills as a Park and the associated mandates, did not pay one whit of attention to some very valuable information. Those who like to play golf would rather dismiss these inconvenient facts, I suppose, but they are there nevertheless.

    I still cannot see how TDRS being the chief spokespeople and preparer of the Master Plan, without the vetting that is normally followed for such plans with other Parks in Norwalk, cannot be cited for a conflict of interest. They may have some interesting “assumptions” (wink,wink Mr. Kimmel) in their economic data but make no mistake: their piece of that 4 million dollar plus pie will be substantial. It is in THEIR best interest to create the Master Plan, not Norwalk’s.

    And, yes, some of us who oppose this process, primarily because it is not within the mandates as described and because of the conflict of interest and because of an additional cost to the City (does ANYONE know if the current debt is being serviced, how much it is, and the remaining amount?), do love golf. And golf courses. And have played a lot of golf. I think Oak Hills is a beautiful municipal spot. I feel like the OHPA, in their management and methodology, are bent on making it something more than it is and spoiling it.

  11. Bill Wrenn

    Rather than deal with the substantive arguments presented by speakers at the Common Council meeting, Mr Mount, like most of his predecessor chairs of the OHPA , prefers to kill the messengers.” Any objective observer who studied this plan and the process by which it was conceived, could not help but see the flaws. That 8 members of the Common Council gave it the rubber stamp is a sad commentary on local politics in Norwalk, not a measure of the plan’s value to taxpayers, the vast majority of whom don’t play golf and don’t need or want a driving range.

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